May 30, 2024

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Everything You Need to Know About Varicose Veins

How to Treat Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins often visible just under the skin. They are most commonly found in the legs and can cause symptoms such as aching, swelling, and fatigue. Varicose veins Port Saint Lucie are caused by a malfunction in the valves responsible for directing blood flow back to the heart.

When these valves don’t work properly, blood can flow backward and pool in the veins, causing them to enlarge and twist.

Varicose veins diagnosis

Varicose veins are usually diagnosed during a physical examination by a doctor. The doctor will look for swollen, twisted veins and may ask about any symptoms the patient is experiencing, such as aching, cramping, or fatigue in the legs. In some cases, the doctor may also order additional tests, such as an ultrasound or venography, to confirm the diagnosis and determine the extent of the condition.

Risk factors for developing varicose veins include:

  • Age: As you age, your veins can weaken and lose their elasticity, making them more susceptible to varicose veins.
  • Gender: Women are more likely to develop varicose veins than men.
  • Family history: If varicose veins run in your family, you may be more likely to develop them.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy can increase the risk of varicose veins due to the added pressure on the veins in the legs.
  • Obesity: Carrying extra weight can put added pressure on the veins in the legs, increasing the risk of varicose veins.
  • Prolonged standing or sitting: Those who stand or sit for long periods may be at a higher risk of developing varicose veins.
  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes that occur during menopause or pregnancy can affect the veins in the legs, increasing the risk of varicose veins.
  • Smoking: Smoking can increase the risk of developing varicose veins by causing damage to the blood vessels.

Having one or more of these risk factors does not necessarily mean that you will develop varicose veins; it just increases the likelihood.

Symptoms of varicose veins can include:

  • Aching or heavy feeling in legs
  • Swelling in legs
  • Cramping in legs
  • Restless legs
  • Itching or burning sensation
  • Discoloration of skin
  • Ulcers near the ankle

Treatment options for varicose veins include:

Compression stockings

Compression stockings are a common treatment option for varicose veins. These stockings apply graduated pressure to the legs, which helps to improve circulation and reduce swelling. They are made from a stretchy material, such as nylon or spandex, and come in various styles, including knee-high, thigh-high, and pantyhose. Compression stockings can be worn during the day to help relieve symptoms and prevent the progression of varicose veins.

Sclerotherapy

During the sclerotherapy procedure, a solution called a sclerosant is injected into the affected vein using a fine needle. The solution causes the vein to collapse and eventually disappear.

Sclerotherapy can be done in a doctor’s office or clinic. The procedure is usually done after the patient has been lying down, and the doctor will use ultrasound to locate the vein and then inject the sclerosant. The procedure usually takes 15 minutes to an hour, depending on the size and number of veins being treated.

Surgery

Surgery is a treatment option for severe varicose veins or causing significant symptoms. The most common surgical procedure for varicose veins is called stripping. During this procedure, the surgeon makes small incisions near the knee and ankle, then uses a thin wire to remove the affected vein through the incision.

See your doctor at TLC Medical Group Inc if you have varicose veins.